Bachelor’s degree in engineering is one of the most highly rated professional courses globally. B. Tech or B.E. is a course pursued by students after completing their 12th class. Students usually opt for engineering, but find it difficult when it comes to the selection of specialization. There are a lot of B. Tech branches that a student has to choose from.
We will be sharing some information about the best B. Tech branches so that you can consider them before you make a choice. Well, speaking about selecting the best B. Tech course for your career, it is something that only you can decide depending on where your interest lies. Here, we have provided some details that will help you choose the right branch out of all the available options for B. Tech branches.
B. Tech Branches:
B-Tech Mechanical engineering
Mechanical engineering is one of the most preferred and core streams of engineering education. It is the one and only course that gives you a plethora of options in terms of making a career in the field of your own choice. It is one exclusive branch that opens the doors for a student to make their career in the field of their own choice. Mechanical engineers are professionals needed in almost all sectors. Also, these courses are in very high demand in the job market. When you compare mechanical engineering to other engineering streams, it has a large scope in terms of choice, growth and earnings. A mechanical engineer can work in machine based industries, computer hardware and software industries, petroleum industries, electronics industries, aircraft industries, banking industry, etc., since there is a demand of mechanical engineers in every sector. It is a field that will never experience a recession.
B. Tech Computer Engineering
Computer engineering is the study of the theoretical foundations of information technology, its computation, implementation and application in computer systems. Computer science gives a lot of emphasize on fields like graphic designing, programming language theory and various other computation technology. In the past couple of years, IT sector has been growing rapidly and today it is one of the largest booming sectors in India. The pay scale and jobs available in this sector is very high. One can easily get an entry into top IT firms and establish themselves in this field. You can look forward to getting an entry in companies like Bharat Electronics Ltd., Nuclear Power Corporation of India, TCS, Infosys, Wipro, etc.
B-Tech Civil Engineering
Civil engineering is one of the oldest and the most popular engineering streams available. It involves design, construction, and maintenance of buildings, roads, dams, bridges, construction of townships and so on. Even though it is limited to the real estate sector and the infrastructure sector, yet it would be an interesting career if you have the interest and passion for it. Apart from mechanical engineering, civil engineering is the second most evergreen stream. There are ample opportunities for you, especially abroad. With an immense growth in the housing and infrastructure development, nuclear power projects, hydropower power projects, etc., there is an ever increasing demand for civil engineer graduates in India and abroad.
B-Tech Chemical Engineering
Chemical engineering involves the study of designing, maintaining and operation of large scale machinery, industrial plants and chemical processing for the production of various products like fibers, fabrics, paints, medical drugs, biomaterials, gasoline, lubricants, etc. No doubt that chemical engineering stream is limited to certain fields only, but they are very well paid individuals. By completing this course, one can get employment in companies like Reliance Industries Ltd., Cairn India, Tata chemicals, etc.
Electronic engineering is also a good career option. By completing your graduation in electronics and communication, one can make a career in the telecommunication industry, consumer electronics, IT industry, healthcare equipment manufacturing industry, mobile communication, etc. An electronics engineer has a lot of scope in Government, as well as private organizations like All India Radio, Indian Telephone Industry, Civil Aviation, Post and Telegraph department, etc.
A Bachelor of Engineering degree will usually be undertaken in one field of engineering, which is sometimes noted in the degree postnominals, as in BE(Aero) or BEng(Elec). Common fields for the Bachelor of Engineering degree include the following fields:
Biological/Chemical Engineering — including Biochemical, Biomedical, Biosystems, Biomolecular, and Chemical engineering
Chemical Engineering — deals with the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms
Clean Technology — use energy, water and raw materials and other inputs more efficiently and productively. Create less waste or toxicity and deliver equal or superior performance.
Civil Engineering — a wide-ranging field, including building engineering, civil engineering, construction engineering, industrial, manufacturing, mechanical, materials and control engineering
Electrical and Computer Engineering/Electronic Engineering — very diverse field, including Computer Engineering, Communication/Communication systems engineering, Information Technology, Electrical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Microelectronic Engineering, Microelectronics, Nanotechnology, Mechatronics, Software Engineering, Systems, Wireless and Telecommunications, Photovoltaic and Power Engineering
Electrical Controls Engineering — a relatively new and more specialized subdiscipline of Electrical Engineering that focuses on integrating Electrical Controls, and their programming.
Engineering Management — the application of engineering principles to the planning and operational management of industrial and manufacturing operations
Environmental Engineering — includes fields such as Environmental, Geological, Geomatic, Mining, Marine, and Ocean engineering
Fire Protection Engineering — the application of science and engineering principles to protect people and their environments from the destructive effects of fire and smoke.
Geomatics Engineering — acquisition, modeling, analysis and management of spatial data. Focuses on satellite positioning, remote sensing, land surveying, wireless location and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).
Geotechnical Engineering — a combination of civil and mining engineering, and involves the analysis of earth materials.
Information Science and Engineering — same as Information Technology.
Industrial Engineering — studies facilities planning, plant layout, work measurement, job design, methods engineering, human factors, manufacturing processes, operations management, statistical quality control, systems, psychology, and basic operations management
Instrumentation Engineering — a branch of engineering dealing with measurement
Integrated Engineering — a multi-disciplinary, design-project-based engineering degree program.
Manufacturing Engineering: Includes methods engineering, manufacturing process planning, tool design, metrology, Robotics, Computer integrated manufacturing, operations management and manufacturing management
Materials Engineering — includes metallurgy, polymer and ceramic engineering
Marine Engineering — includes the engineering of boats, ships, oil rigs and any other marine vessel or structure, as well as oceanographic engineering. Specifically, marine engineering is the discipline of applying engineering sciences, including mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronic engineering, and computer science, to the development, design, operation and maintenance of watercraft propulsion and on-board systems and oceanographic technology. It includes but is not limited to power and propulsion plants, machinery, piping, automation and control systems for marine vehicles of any kind, such as surface ships and submarines.
Mechanical Engineering — includes engineering of total systems where mechanical science principles apply to objects in motion including transportation, energy, buildings, aerospace, and machine design. Explores the applications of the theoretical fields of Mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, materials science, structural analysis, manufacturing, and electricity
Mechatronics Engineering – includes a combination of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, telecommunications engineering, control engineering and computer engineering
Mining Engineering — deals with discovering, extracting, beneficiating, marketing, and utilizing mineral deposits.
Nuclear Engineering — customarily includes nuclear fission, nuclear fusion, and related topics such as heat/thermodynamics transport, nuclear fuel or other related technology (e.g., radioactive waste disposal), and the problems of nuclear proliferation. May also include radiation protection, particle detectors, and medical physics.
Plastics Engineering — A vast field which includes plastic processing, Mold designing …..
Production Engineering — term used in the UK and Europe similar to Industrial Engineering in N America – it includes engineering of machines, people, process and management. Explores the applications of the theoretical field of Mechanics.
Textile Engineering — based on the conversion of three types of fiber into yarn, then fabric, then textiles
Robotics and Automation Engineering — relates all engineering fields for implementing in robotics and automation
Structural Engineering — analyze, design, plan and research structural components, systems, and loads, in order to achieve design goals including high risk structures ensuring the safety and comfort of users or occupants in a wide range of specialties.
Software Engineering -systematic application of scientific and technological knowledge, methods, and experience to the design, implementation, testing, and documentation of software
Systems Science — focuses on the analysis, design, development and organization of complex systems
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